By Stephen C. Fabry, R. Anand Narasimhan
There are nearly 2.5 million situations of Hepatitis C within the usa and nearly 2 hundred million around the globe. even if you are a newly clinically determined sufferer, a chum or relative of somebody with Hepatitis C, this booklet bargains support. Written by way of physicians from Lahey health center clinical heart, Dr. Fabry and Dr. Narasimhan, this ebook presents authoritative, useful solutions to the commonest questions about Hepatitis C.
Read or Download 100 Q&A About Hepatitis C: A Lahey Clinic Guide PDF
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Additional info for 100 Q&A About Hepatitis C: A Lahey Clinic Guide
Qxd 8/31/06 3:50 PM Page 40 100 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT HEPATITIS C 28. What is a genotype test? The hepatitis C virus evades the immune system by mutating rapidly. The virus has evolved multiple strains, which are termed genotypes. A patient’s genotype can be determined through a blood test. Although the genotype does not influence the severity of disease and the risk of developing cirrhosis, certain genotypes respond to treatment much better than other genotypes. In fact, genotype is a major predictor of response to current treatments for hepatitis C.
If you have made the decision to continue using drugs, never share syringes or needles with anyone else and use only sterile syringes and needles with a new alcohol swab. Hepatitis C can be spread through sexual activity only if there is blood-to-blood contact. qxd 8/28/06 2:34 PM Page 18 100 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT HEPATITIS C transmission. Individuals in monogamous relationships can discuss this issue with their doctors and decide on the appropriate precautions. Patients who are sexually active with multiple partners should always use a new latex condom with lubricants to reduce the risk of bleeding.
Conversely, antibody tests can be unreliable and produce negative results in patients with active hepatitis C infection. During an acute infection, it takes approximately 4 weeks for the antibody test to become positive. During this period, a direct HCV test should be performed if acute hepatitis C is suspected. Hepatitis C antibody tests may also be falsely negative if the person does not produce enough antibodies for detection with the EIA or RIBA test. This happens in patients with conditions such as human immunodeficiency virus infection or congenital immunodeficiencies where the immune system does not function properly.
100 Q&A About Hepatitis C: A Lahey Clinic Guide by Stephen C. Fabry, R. Anand Narasimhan