By Charles Rycroft
Charles Rycroft's "Critical Dictionary of Psychoanalysis" is a longtime reference paintings supplying transparent definitions and demanding discussions of the technical phrases utilized in psychoanalysis. 'An exact and witty advisor to the which means of psychoanalytic phrases ...[it] additionally explains a few of the controversies that have disfigured the psychoanalytic move and that are one of these puzzle to these outdoor it. For an individual interested in psychoanalysis and its offshoots this can be an fundamental booklet' - Anthony Storr.
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Extra info for A Critical Dictionary of Psychoanalysis, Second Edition
As a resuIt there is a tendency in classical theory to equate active and masculine, passive and feminine, and to define masculinity in terms of the ability to adopt an active role and femininity in terms of the ability to accept [sic] the passive role; and to regard sadism as a masculine propensity and masochism as a feminine propensity. The situation is, however, complicated by a further assumption that instincts can undergo reversaI into their opposite, in particular that active instincts can become passive, sadism and voyeurism being usually cited as examples of instincts capable of this reversaI.
Some aspects of psychoanalytical theor'y, notably those centring round the interpretation of dreams and the use of symbols are concerned with meaning and the grammar of unconscious thinking and not with causation. See Rycroft (1966), Home (1966), Szasz (I9 61 ) . Censor, censorship In Freud's first formulations the mental agency responsible for dream distortion and repression was called the censor. The censor is the theoretical ancestor of the super-ego. Character In analytical writings character usually refers flot to those of a person's attributes which are most characteristic of him as a unique individual, but to those which enable him to be categorized into one of a number of character types.
Psychoanalytical theory has always assumed that aIl human beings are constitutionally psychosexually bisexual. Freud took over this idea from his friend Fliess, and it was originally justified by reference to the biological and anatomical data which suggest that males contain vestigial female organs (and vice versa). Contemporary theory, however, tends to explain psychosexual bisexuality by reference to thefact that children identify (to varying degrees) with both parents (see identification). The theory of bisexuality assumes that it is possible to attaeh a sexual connotation to non-sexual funetions and to designate as feminine passive, submissive, masochistic, intuitive, and receptive behaviour, and as masculine active, assertive, sadistic, intellectual, and penetrative behaviour, and that shifts in attitude imply changes in sexual orientation.
A Critical Dictionary of Psychoanalysis, Second Edition by Charles Rycroft