By Andrea Megela Simmons (auth.), Andrea Megela Simmons, Richard R. Fay, Arthur N. Popper (eds.)
In order to speak, animals ship and obtain indications which are topic to their specific anatomical, mental, and environmental constraints. This SHAR quantity discusses either the creation and belief of acoustic signs. Chapters deal with the data that animals speak, how the conversation is built and discovered, and the way verbal exchange structures have tailored and developed inside of species. The e-book will supply examples from a number of species.
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Extra info for Acoustic Communication
1984; Silber 1986; Chabot 1988). Good acoustic representations are available for the blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus), ﬁn whale (Balaenoptera physalus) (Cummings and Thompson 1971; Watkins et al. 1987; Edds 1988; Thompson et al. 1992; Stafford 1999), and minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) (Winn and Perkins 1976; Mellinger et al. 2000; Edds-Walton 2000). There are a few sample recordings for Bryde’s (Balaenoptera edeni) (Cummings 1985; Edds et al. 1993), sei (Balaenoptera borealis) (Thompson et al.
1977; Myrberg 1981; Ladich 1997). These sounds have been documented in aggressive and/or reproductive contexts. Longduration signals on the order of seconds to minutes have been more speciﬁcally associated with courtship. This includes the boatwhistles of toadﬁsh (Fine et al. 1977), the hums of midshipman (Bass et al. 1999), and the moans of mormyrids (Crawford et al. 1997). , see Crawford et al. 1997; Barimo and Fine 1998; Bass et al. 1999). Most sonic species of teleost ﬁshes are found in shallow water habitats either seasonally or on a perennial basis.
Hence, the transition point at which the propagating sound wave becomes the most inﬂuential is at a farther distance from the source for a dipole than for a monopole. Given these relationships, longer-wavelength (lower-frequency) sounds will have more extensive near and intermediate ﬁelds than shorterwavelength (higher-frequency) ones, and the extent of these ﬁelds will vary depending on whether the source is a monopole or a dipole. Because underwater sounds have an almost ﬁvefold greater wavelength than airborne sounds, the local ﬂow region will extend farther and can therefore potentially play a more prominent role in underwater communication.
Acoustic Communication by Andrea Megela Simmons (auth.), Andrea Megela Simmons, Richard R. Fay, Arthur N. Popper (eds.)