By Peter V. Hobbs
FROM THE PUBLISHERAerosol and clouds play vital roles in picking out the earth's weather, in ways in which we're in simple terms starting to understand. together with molecular scattering from gases, aerosol and clouds verify partly what fraction of sunlight radiation reaches the earth's floor, and what fraction of the longwave radiation from the earth escapes to area. This e-book presents an outline of the newest learn on atmospheric aerosol and clouds and their results on international weather. matters reviewed comprise the direct and oblique results of aerosol on weather, the radiative houses of clouds and their results at the Earth's radiation stability, the incorporation of cloud results in numerical climate prediction versions, and stratospheric aerosol and clouds.
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Additional info for Aerosol--cloud--climate interactions
Inez Y. Fung is the Richard and Rhoda Goldman Distinguished Professor for the Physical Sciences, Director of the Center for Atmospheric Sciences, and a professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Science and the Department of Environmental Sciences, Policy and Management at the University of California at Berkeley. Her research expertise is in large-scale numerical modeling of biogeochemical cycles and their interaction with climate. Her research also includes climate change, remote sensing of earth systems, investigations of atmosphere-ocean interactions, and atmosphere-biosphere interactions.
For example, one proposed growth scenario1 for the next 50 years notes that CO2 emissions have grown by about 1% annually in the past 20 years and assumes a zero growth rate for CO2 emissions until 2050 (that is, constant emissions). The scenario also focuses on forcings from non-CO2 greenhouse gases such as methane, and assumes a zero growth rate for them (that is, atmospheric amounts in 2050 similar to those in 2000). Plausible assumptions for technological progress and human factors were proposed to achieve this trajectory for radiative forcing.
At a national level, the direct economic impacts are likely to be modest. However, on a regional basis the level and extent of both beneficial and harmful impacts will grow. Some economic sectors may be transformed substantially and there may be significant regional transitions associated with shifts in agriculture and forestry. Increasingly, climate change impacts will have to be placed in the context of other stresses associated with land use and a wide variety of pollutants. The possibility of abrupt or unexpected changes could pose greater challenges for adaptation.
Aerosol--cloud--climate interactions by Peter V. Hobbs