By Murat Öztürk
This publication investigates contemporary rules brought into Turkey that are designed to lessen nation actions and open up the rustic to foreign funding and alternate. this can be performed within the context of the UNs Millennium improvement pursuits carrying on with to stretch into the far-off destiny amid the continuing instability of the worldwide economic climate and fiscal pressures at the West. the focal point is on agriculture and the key results of a planned restructuring of an agrarian financial system as noticeable throughout the lens of the peasant, the village and poverty. This detailed socioeconomic evaluate of Turkey, that is in general considered a latest luck tale of the neo-liberal paradigm, argues for a brand new knowing of the damaging results of worldwide capitalism. a few concerns addressed are the results on Turkey's nation-state as its agricultural zone has been catapulted onto the realm marketplace, how farming has replaced and what this has intended for small-scale firms. additionally mentioned is how rural groups have fared, capital family members were remodeled within the technique and the impression this has had at the nation's bad. ultimately, the ways that neo-liberalism has guided government's reaction to the hot social wishes is mentioned in addition to how Turkey's adventure parallels related advancements around the world. This serves as a window to the truth of improvement at a time while the philosophy for development underpinning improvement is dealing with an more and more profound challenge of self belief around the world
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Extra info for Agriculture, peasantry and poverty in Turkey in the neo-liberal age
This remains the case despite the fact that farming with one’s own means of production enables nutritional and housing requirements to be more easily met for the rural poor than the urban, and even though the effects of poverty are ameliorated in rural areas through family solidarity and communal ties among neighbours. Secondly, one main source of (the character of ) poverty in a country like Turkey is rural-to-urban migration (of the peasantry, that is, from agriculture and, often enough, into the ranks of the city poor).
Even according to this minimal index, it is argued, results are less impressive than may be assumed. A brief critique of the foundations of the neo-liberal approach to poverty is then developed, including in this the perspective of distribution, or social justice. As outlined in Chapter 10, Turkey’s current poverty reduction policies have been maintained with IMF/World Bank supports, and continue to follow a course parallel to the neo-liberalizing poverty reduction policies of these institutions.
The concluding passages of Part I therefore point to some of the survival mechanisms small scale farmers, which also directs attention to the (non-)unity or equation of farmer as peasant. The kind of developments described in the first part of this book thus indicate some of the new explanations that are needed, which will have to include the new complexities in global economic conditions. The further introduction of economies of scale and rationalisations of business in the agricultural sector leave a deep impression on the countryside, and the second part of this book comprises an investigation into that and its linkage to poverty generally.
Agriculture, peasantry and poverty in Turkey in the neo-liberal age by Murat Öztürk