By James K. Hoffmeier

ISBN-10: 0199792089

ISBN-13: 9780199792085

Pharaoh Akhenaten, who reigned for seventeen years within the fourteenth century B.C.E, is likely one of the such a lot interesting rulers of historic Egypt. His bizarre visual appeal and his preoccupation with worshiping the solar disc Aten have inspired educational dialogue and controversy for greater than a century. regardless of the varied books and articles approximately this enigmatic determine, many questions on Akhenaten and the Atenism faith stay unanswered.
In Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism, James ok. Hoffmeier argues that Akhenaten was once now not, as is usually stated, an intensive advocating a brand new faith yet fairly a primitivist: that's, one that reaches again to a golden age and emulates it. Akhenaten's proposal was once the previous country (2650-2400 B.C.E.), whilst the sun-god Re/Atum governed because the unmatched head of the Egyptian pantheon. Hoffmeier unearths that Akhenaten used to be a real convert to the worship of Aten, the only author God, in keeping with the Pharoah's personal testimony of a theophany, a divine come upon that introduced his monotheistic non secular odyssey.
The e-book additionally explores the Atenist religion's attainable courting to Israel's faith, supplying an in depth comparability of the hymn to the Aten to Psalm 104, which has been pointed out by way of students as inspired via the Egyptian hymn.
Through a cautious interpreting of key texts, works of art, and archaeological stories, Hoffmeier offers compelling new insights on a faith that predated Moses and Hebrew monotheism, the influence of Atenism on Egyptian faith and politics, and the aftermath of Akhenaten's reign.

Show description

Read Online or Download Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism PDF

Best egypt books

Download e-book for iPad: On the Skirts of Canaan in the Iron Age by Edward Lipinski

The heritage of Canaan within the Iron Age is usually written from the point of view of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah. The scope of this publication is to inverse this relation and to target ''the skirts of Canaan'', whereas concerning the ''United Monarchy'' and the ''Divided Monarchy'' as exterior and occasionally marginal gamers of the neighborhood historical past.

Atlantis and the Ten Plagues of Egypt by Graham Phillips PDF

Indicates how a desecrated tomb within the Valley of the Kings holds the main to the genuine historical past of the destruction of Atlantis• unearths that Tomb fifty five within the Valley of the Kings used to be designed to not continue intruders out, yet to catch anything inside of• offers forensic proof proving that the masks believed to be the face of Tutankhamun is admittedly that of his elder brother SmenkhkareIn Atlantis and the 10 Plagues of Egypt, Graham Phillips explores the excavation of a mysterious and ritually desecrated tomb within the Valley of the Kings, Tomb fifty five, which he contends holds the most important to the genuine background of the destruction of Atlantis.

Download PDF by Ian Shaw: Ancient Egyptian Technology and Innovation

This e-book examines the basic facts for plenty of assorted facets of swap and evolution in old Egyptian know-how. It comprises dialogue of the broader cognitive and social contexts, equivalent to the Egyptian propensity for psychological creativity and innovation, and the speed of switch in Egypt compared to different African, Mediterranean and close to japanese states.

Download e-book for kindle: Egypt in the Era of Hosni Mubarak by Galal Amin

A brand new, provocative publication from the writer of no matter what occurred to the Egyptians? Galal Amin once more turns his consciousness to the shaping of Egyptian society and the Egyptian kingdom within the half-century and extra that has elapsed because the Nasserite revolution, this time concentrating on the period of President Mubarak.

Extra info for Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism

Sample text

E. S. Edwards, C. J. Gadd, & N. G. L. Hammond; Cambridge: The University Press, 1971), 180. 130 Nicholas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt (Oxford: Blackwells, 1992), 124. 131 M. Verner, “Discovery of an Obelisk at Abusir,” Revue d’Egyptologie 28 (1976): 111–118; Verner, Abusir, 83–85. 17 Reconstruction of Sun Temple of Niuserre (Abu Ghurab). Adapted from W. Stevenson Smith, The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt (Baltimore, MD: Penguin, 1958), 74. 132 Unfortunately, only the scant remains of two have been identified, those of Userkaf (just north of the Abusir pyramids) and Niuserre at Abu Ghurab, slightly north of Abusir.

Michel Baud, “The Old Kingdom,” in A Companion to Ancient Egypt I (ed. A. B. Lloyd; Oxford: Wiley-­Blackwell, 2010), 78–80. M. Bárta & A. Bezdek, “Beetles and the Decline of the Old Kingdom: Climate Change in Ancient Egypt,” in Proceedings of the Conference Held in Prague (June 11–14, 2007) (Prague: Charles University, 2008), 215–224. Karin Sowada, “Evidence for Late Third Millennium Weather Events from a Sixth Dynasty Tomb at Saqqara,” Studia Quaternaria, vol. 30, no. 2 (2013): 69–74. Miroslav Bárta, “In Mud Forgotten: Old Kingdom Paleolecological Evidence from Abusir,” Studia Quaternaria, vol.

Both symbols are shown on the different depictions of Horus in the Djoser panels introduced above. 14). It appears that during Dynasties 1 though 4, the practice of illustrating winged deities over the king in action was not consistently included, and examples with the sun-disc are unknown. Beginning in the 5th Dynasty, the sun-disc starts to appear with some regularity in reliefs showing the king in action. A block discovered by J. E. 15). On the left, Nekhbet holds a šnw, while in her mirror image on the right side, she holds an ʽnḫ-sign.

Download PDF sample

Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism by James K. Hoffmeier

by Richard

Rated 4.31 of 5 – based on 29 votes