By Christian Körner
Generations of plant scientists were occupied with alpine vegetation - with the publicity of organisms to dramatic climatic gradients over a really brief distance. This finished textual content treats a variety of themes: alpine weather and soils, plant distribution and the treeline phenomenon, physiological ecology of water-, dietary- and carbon kinfolk of alpine vegetation, plant tension and plant improvement, biomass construction, and features of human affects on alpine crops. Geographically the ebook covers all elements of the area together with the tropics.
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Additional resources for Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems
G. by Williams et al. 1972, for the peak area of Mt. ). With the availability of rather precise geographical information systems for m~)Untains (Price and Heywood 1994) digitized topographic maps can now be converted to radiation maps which also allow estimation of the distribution of latent and sensible heat flux and surface temperatures on slopes. Remote sensing in combination with radiative transfer models permits mapping of the radiation balance, and from that, or directly by scanning thermal bands, the topographic effects on surface temperatures on landscape scales can be derived.
1985). Plant morphology also has pronounced effects on night-time temperature. Clear skies, particularly at high altitudes, cause horizontal surfaces to lose much more heat by thermal radiation than vertical structures. In addition, upright structures 'en are usually better coupled to atmospheric tempe- (\j 3 Ecuadorian Andes, 4510 m rature by enhanced heat convection (Figs. 9). §. 0 rian Andes. It is important to note that both these LL 0 plant species have their apex 2-3 cm below the a ground, hence meristem temperatures may not be [) 25 Hypochoeris ~ so different.
8. Solar radiation in the Swiss Alps for 37 stations between 273 and 3580 m altitude (4rN), possibly the densest network of stations measuring solar radiation in a mountainous region (Swiss ''A-net''). Only stations close to or within the Alps, but from both the northern and southern ranges, and from the center were used. Left Annual means; right July means (calculated from daily sums for the 10-year period between 1983 and 1992, the shaded area indicates the range for ca. 90% of the data). Note the absence of an altitudinal trend in July, but a 10% increase per 1000 m in annual means, because of more frequent fog and greater screening of the horizon by mountains at low altitude during winter.
Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems by Christian Körner