By Michael Frank Hordeski
Spiraling oil costs, hovering international call for, long term oil provide concerns, and lengthening matters over the weather influence of carbon emissions all are components contributing to speedily transforming into aid and critical efforts towards the advance of a hydrogen-based financial system. This ebook will deal with some of the elements affecting present and rising strength use offerings, together with the supply and desirability of varied fuels - and specifically, hydrogen. subject matters comprise power coverage, gasoline offer tendencies, data and projections, oil reserves, replacement situations, power usage, sustainable strength, rate research, gas escalation, strength and improvement, regulatory matters, obstacles to implementation, conversion platforms, garage platforms, thermodynamic potency, gas chain potency, life-cycle potency, know-how matters, extracting, refining, air emission concerns, defense, typical fuel, hydrogen fuel, methanol, ethanol, steam reforming, and gasoline cells.6 x nine, 244 pp, Illus., Hardcover
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Additional resources for Alternative Fuels: The Future of Hydrogen
Erren modified many trucks and buses. A captured German submarine in World War II had a hydrogen engine and hydrogen powered torpedoes that were designed and patented by Erren. S. was a Model A Ford truck, modified in 1966 by Roger Billings while he was a student in high school. 26 Alternative Fuels—The Future of Hydrogen A few years later as a student at Brigham Young University, he won a 1972 Urban Vehicle Design Contest with a hydrogen Volkswagen. Billings established Billings Energy Corporation in Provo, Utah and went on to modify a wide range of vehicles, including a Winnebago motor home that had the engine fueled by hydrogen as well as the generator and appliances.
Liquid hydrogen is a fuel option that could be utilized on a large scale since it most resembles gasoline in terms of space and weight. Although a liquid hydrogen storage tank for a vehicle could weigh about five times heavier in dry weight than a 30 pound gasoline tank, in vehicles that carry greater volumes of fuel, such as trucks or trains or aircraft, the difference in tank weight could be more than offset by the difference in fuel weight. Studies by Lockheed Aircraft have shown that a large commercial aircraft could have its overall takeoff weight reduced by as much as 40% if liquid hydrogen were used instead of aviation fuel.
Table 2-3. Crude Oil Chemical Series ———————————————————————————————— Methane normal paraffin Isoparaffin branched-chain paraffins Cyclo-paraffin naphthene series Benzene aromatic ———————————————————————————————— The methane, or paraffin, series starts as a simple saturated, straightchain, homologous series, advancing by a CH2 increment from its simplest member methane (CH2) to (CH4) to complex molecules with more than 60 carbon atoms. A carbon atom has four arms (four valencies) which can retain four hydrogen atoms, since each hydrogen atom has only a single valency.
Alternative Fuels: The Future of Hydrogen by Michael Frank Hordeski